One Hundred Years of Energy
One Hundred
Years of Energy
Tilda Publishing
Forum Context and Mission
Researchers know well that the first power plants appeared in Russia at the end of the 19th century. By 1917, Russia was one of the leaders in the global power industry. The first streetcar on electric traction appeared in Moscow back in 1892, and in 1914, two power plants started working in parallel mode for the first time. The development of the State Commission for Electrification of Russia plan (GOELRO), whose centenary is celebrated this year, was based on a solid scientific and industrial foundation. The GOELRO plan itself was a breakthrough project for its time. It created not only one of the world's largest power systems with centralized control and synchronous operation, but also several industries that provided equipment for it.

The Russian power industry remained at the forefront until the 1970s, when the commissioning rate of new capacities began to decline, development slowed down and the first signs of power shortages were observed. Like for the entire Russian economy, the 1990s were very difficult for the Russian power industry. By the end of that decade, there was an urgent need for enormous investments to upgrade the existing equipment and introduce new ones.

In 1998-2008, a reform of the Russian power industry, unique in terms of its complexity and scale, was implemented in order to solve this problem. The reform brought trillions of rubles of new investments into the industry. Large-scale construction of new power plants, power transmission lines, substations, and other power facilities was carried out thanks to these investments. The threat of power shortage has disappeared for decades, and the generated reserves will allow, in accordance with the decisions already taken, to implement a major program of modernizing existing power capacities in 2025-2035. Thus, the reform of the energy sector has not only removed infrastructural constraints for the Russian economy for a quarter of a century, but also created prerequisites for its modernization in the longer term. It is important that the reform itself, based on the introduction of fundamental market economy principles previously considered inapplicable to the power industry, was implemented in Russia among the first in the world.

That means the electric power industry in Russia was among the global leaders at the beginning of both the 20th and the 21st centuries. However, an unprecedented process is unfolding in the world right now. It is commonly known as the global energy transition. Its main driver is decarbonization - the departure from hydrocarbon fuel, the basis of modern Russian electric power industry. How should the Russian electric power industry respond to this challenge? Which of the impending technological revolutions in Russia are meaningful and which are not? How should the Russian specifics and, in particular, Russia's unique potential of oil, gas, and coal resources be taken into account? Should Russia claim an active response to the climate challenge, which in many ways has caused the global energy transition?

The conference participants support different, sometimes mutually exclusive answers to these questions. There will be leading international experts, business leaders, scientists, authors of the energy reform and their opponents among them. The conference welcomes a free and open style of discussion. The participants' own unorthodox thoughts are especially valuable, even if they do not coincide with conventional mainstream views.
Welcome speech

Arkady Dvorkovich, Chairman of the Skolkovo Foundation
Anatoly Chubays, Chairman, RAO Unified Energy System of Russia (1998–2008)
Electricity in the 21st Century - 7 Revolutions
Anatoly Chubays, Chairman, RAO Unified Energy System of Russia (1998–2008)
    Russia in Technological Revolutions of the 21st Century in the Electric Power Industry: An Observer or a Participant?
    Anatoly Chubays, Chairman, RAO Unified Energy System of Russia (1998–2008)
      Reform of the Russian Electric Power Industry in 1998-2008
      Vadim Volkov, Rector of the European University at St. Petersburg
      Yury Udaltsov, Member of the Executive Board, Head of the Department for Electricity Sector Reform at UES of Russia
      Russia and Global Energy Transition: Driver or Opponent?
      Vasiliy Zubakin, Head of Renewable Energy Sources Department at Gubkin National University of Oil and Gas, General Director of PJSC HydroOGK Managing Company
      Guest Speakers
      Arkady Dvorkovich
      Chairman of the Skolkovo Foundation,
      Deputy Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation (2012−2018)
      Anatoly Chubais
      Chairman, RAO Unified Energy System of Russia (1998–2008)
      Parviz Abdushukurov
      Vice President for Operations of PAO Fortum
      Michаel Akim
      AEB Board Member, Associate Partner of the Vitus Bering Management, Professor at the Graduate School of Business of the Higher School of Economics
      Emin Askerov
      Director General of RENERA
      Boris Ayuev
      Chairman of the System Operator of the United Power System of Russia Management Board
      Igor Bashmakov
      Executive Director of the Russian Centre for Energy Efficiency
      Timur Bekmambetov
      Film Director, Producer
      Peter Bobylev
      Director of the Competition, Energy Efficiency and Environment Department of the Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation
      Maxim Bystrov
      Chairman of the Board of the NP Market Council Association
      Anna Creti
      Professor of Economics at the Commodities and Energy Geopolitics Center of the Paris-Dauphine University, France
      Ilya Dolmatov
      Director of the HSE Institute for Economics and Regulation of Natural Monopolies
      Maxim Dovgyallo
      Adviser to SUEK's CEO
      Vladimir Drebentsov
      Independent Expert
      Evgeniy Grabchak
      Deputy Minister of Energy of the Russian Federation
      Oleg Grinko
      EnergyNet NTI Working Group Co-Head, General Director of T-System LLC.
      Mikhail Iulkin
      General Director of the Environmental Investment Centre
      Oleg Kalinko
      Key Partners Director of the Skolkovo Foundation
      Andrey Kaukin
      Acting Research Director of Center for Real Sector at Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy (RANEPA)
      Andrey Makarov
      Full Professor of the Department of Systems for Energy Industry and Industrial Enterprise Management at the School of Economics and Management of the Ural Federal University
      David Newbery
      Emeritus Professor and Director of the Energy Policy Research Group at the University of Cambridge, UK
      Dmitry Peskov
      Special Representative of the President of the Russian Federation on Digital and Technological Development, Director of Young Professionals Division of the Agency for Strategic Initiatives
      Michael Pollitt
      Professor of Business Economics, Assistant Director of the Energy Policy Research Group at the University of Cambridge, UK
      Federico Pontoni
      Assistant Professor in Energy Economics at the University of Milan, Research Fellow at the Centre for Geography, Resources, Environment, Energy and Networks at the Bocconi University, Italy
      George Popov
      Deputy Director of the Department of Power Engineering Development at the Ministry of Energy of Russian Federation
      Boris Porfiriev
      Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Director of the Institute of Economic Forecasting of the Russian Academy of Sciences
      Vladimir Sidorovich
      Director of the New Energy LLC.
      Boris Vainzikher
      Member of the T Plus Group Management Board, Technical Director of RAO "UES of Russia" (2005−2008)
      Yulia Vymyatnina
      Professor, Head of the Department of Economics of the European University at St. Petersburg
      Yury Udaltsov
      Member of the Executive Board, Head of the Department for Electricity Sector Reform at UES of Russia
      Kimal Yusupov
      General Manager of Vestas Rus
      Vasiliy Zubakin
      Head of Renewable Energy Sources Department at Gubkin National University of Oil and Gas, General Director of PJSC HydroOGK Managing Company
      Virtual Exposition "ENERGY" by Dashi Namdakov
      The world famous sculptor Dashi Namdakov came up with the project "Energy" for the 100th anniversary of GOELRO (State Commission for Electrification of Russia). "Energy" is an expressive creative breakthrough, which embraces through the language of modern plastics all the mythological centuries-old deep expectations of the peoples of Russia, which by historical standards have only recently gained access to electrification, and the aspirations of the 21st century humans, who consider tamed energy as a given.

      Dashi formulated this duality in his collection as a struggle of ideas and matter. There is a feeling that all the works are extracted from a single energy clot, that the matter itself is boisterous and the sculpture changes in front of the viewer. Dashi created a new language in art that corresponds to the significance of human conquest of energy.

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